On November 27, 2016, the U.S. Surgeon General,
Vivek Murthy, issued the first Surgeon General’s
Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health. Highlights of
the Surgeon General’s report include:
Addiction to alcohol or drugs is a chronic but
treatable brain disease that requires medical
intervention, not moral judgment.
Addiction causes changes in the function of brain
circuits involved in pleasure (the reward system),
learning, stress, decision-making, and self-control.
As with other chronic diseases, there are key risk
factors that raise a person’s risk for substance misuse.
There are many treatments that can work and what
works depends on the individual. These treatments can
include: medications, behavioral therapies, peer support
groups, residential treatment, or outpatient services, to name a few.
To provide you with more detail on addiction and effective treatment, please find the following resources:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) > Drugs, Brains and Behaviors: the Science of Addiction
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) > Facts About Commonly Abused Drugs
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) > Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: a Research-Based Guide
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), The Robert Wood Johnson, and HBO > The Addiction Project
To better understand Secondhand Drinking | Secondhand Drugging (SHD), consider reading:
“Addressing the addiction crisis in America will require seeing addiction as a chronic illness – not as a moral failing. Addiction has been a challenge for a long time, but we finally have the tools to address it. By bringing together researchers, treatment providers, policy makers and key influencers, this summit will help our country see that a united front is necessary to address a public health challenge of this magnitude.” Surgeon General, Vivek H. Murthy, November, 2016